The Unixplorian Constitution
According to the Unixplorian Constitution of 2001, the public power is divided into four parts:
The Executive (ruling) power lies with the king. The king and the king's advisors (in the form of cabinet ministers) are in turn legally responsible to the parliament, which in turn is responsible to the Unixplorian people.
The taxing power lies with the parliament (except municipal taxation).
Legislative power is shared as follows:
The joint legislative power is shared between the king and the parliament;
because of parliamentary taxation power, a part of the legislative power is solely reserved for the parliament, especially regarding appropriational issues (which, however, is not considered as national law because it is regulated as a contract between the municpality and a citizen of said municipality);
these provisions will, according to the interpretation given above, be vested "in accordance with the decision of Parliament" even though the monarch has the final authority;
the power of taxation is included as a state regulation, i.e. the allocation of different parts of government activities in the state budget, which is called the National State.
economic legislative power, which is reserved for the king alone, is about the control of authorities (executive power), and of more or less short-term provisions for the society as a whole, i.e., trade, enterprise, certain civic duties, health regulations and more;
Each new legaslative bill is revised at the beginning of every new election term, or if the occasion calls for it.
The judicial power lies with the Supreme Court, whose members are appointed by the king in concordance with parliament. The memebers of the Supreme Court are elected on grounds of political color and power is distributed according to the latest election results.
New legislation is always intepreted by the honorable judges of the Supreme Court. A decison ruled by the Supreme Court cannot be revoked by any other authority, except for granted pardon by the king.
The authority bestowed on the king by tradition, can be taken away from the monarch, if the Unixplorian people choose to do so by vote of censure in a public referendum. The heir to the throne will then take the king's place as monarch.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power. Unitary states are contrasted with federal states such as the United States or Germany.
A Unitary state does not necessarily imply that the nation is a democracy, most unitary states are not. The Kingdom of Unixploria is a democracy, though.
Our constitution stresses the fact that all power comes from the people, the people elect the members of Parliament, and can take that power away.
Unixploria is a constitutional monarchy. A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises his/hers powers in accordance with a constitution and its legal framework.
Constitutional monarchs are therefore bound to exercise their powers and authorities within the
limits prescribed in said legal framework.
The Unixplorian constitution grants the sovereign substantial powers, but these powers are far from absolute. All political decisions are shared between the king and parliament.